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- an exuberant, sculptural style of art and architecture prevalent in the 17th and 18th centuries. Now descriptive, like "Gothic" it was a pejorative term. While the art and architecture was extravagant and rebellious, Baroque planning was by way of contrast, far more restrained. Although to an extent, characterised by the flowing curve it was ordered and methodical, consisting of formal city layouts, of straight lines and geometric curves. The Baroque was mainly confined to mainland Europe. The most notable exponent in Britain, where Palladianism was more favoured, was Sir John Vanburgh (1664-1726), whose work reached its height at Blenheim Palace, followed by Castle Howard.