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Burgh (borough, bourg, burh)

- a Burgus is literally a fortified enclosure. Burgh and town are not synonymous, there is a legal difference, relating to rights of trade, burghs were in effect commercial centres administered by burgesses. Town walls were mostly a means of protecting the wealth of the burghesses by preventing competition. In Scotland, Royal Burghs paid duty direct to the king, in Burghs of Barony dutys paid went to the baron, a sign of royal favour or of power. Police Burghs were established under a series of Acts starting in 1833 and relate to the setting up of local authority functions such as cleaning and water supply, not policing as we know it. An Alderman (later Provost) was the chief Burghal officer.