skip to main page content :: Town & Regional Planning Home > Glossary Home > G >

Georgian

- the period from the accession of King George I in 1714 to the death of King George IV in 1830, including therefore the first ten years of the Regency period, which became characterised by the bow front. Initially influenced by Roman antiquity, as Greece became accessable following the fall of the Ottoman empire, Greek clasicism became popular, along with the picturesque, and the exotic and oriental. Gothic had never entirely died out, and the mid 1700's saw the beginning of the Gothic revival. As wealth devolved the age became noted for schemes of town planning rather than individual buildings, these developments were usually prompted by personal gain as much as civic pride. Best known are the terraces and crescents of Edinburgh and Bath, and the building of the great London estates. The period saw many well known architects, among whom, arguably Robert Adam stands out, with the likes of Kedleston hall, Syon House and the north side of Charlotte Square, Edinburgh.
(Illustration)