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- traditionally, a space set aside for the purpose of buying and selling. The market cross was the symbol of the right to trade. Market colonisation is the gradual intrusion of buildings onto the market square, most evident where a public building eg townhouse or tolbooth was required. All ground was privately owned except the square and so that is where the new building would go. Market repletion is the use of the whole, usually minor, market area for building purposes. See luckenbooth