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Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings (SPAB)

- founded in 1877 by William Morris as a reaction to excessive restoration zeal of Victorians. The SPAB manifesto preaches need for "honest repair," and is one of the conservation movements most important doctrines, unlike the charters it was written when there was really no established conservation practice. It was amended in 1929 to allow that building could be reused, Morris would have them removed once the original use was no longer possible. The society provides high quality technical information, and yearly scholarships which rightly carry enormous prestige.