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Venice Charter

- a remarkable document, which, despite saying nothing on the social value of conservation, for many, is the defining statement of conservation philosophy, approved at the 2nd International Congress of Architects and Technicians of Historic Monuments in May 1964. In just 16 Articles, it defines what we may consider a monument to embrace, and summarises how they should be approached and cared for, with enormous scholarly good sense. The achievement in producing this document becomes all the more remarkable when considering the diversity of those participating in its drafting. Delegates came from places as far afield as Peru and Mexico, Tunisia, France and Italy. It was finally written by two Belgians and one Italian, and was still not available in English the night before the meeting. The chairman of the committee was Piero Gazzola. The highest accolade that ICOMOS bestows is the Gazzola Prize.

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