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World Heritage site

- the UNESCO general conference in 1972 adopted the "Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage." First step was the preparation of a list of sites within countries who were signatories of the convention which are of such exceptional importance, their protection is of worldwide concern. These are world heritage sites, of which currently there are some 580. For inclusion, buildings must in basic terms, be of universal value, unique, and in a reasonable state of preservation. There are seventeen sites in Britain ranging from Stonehenge to Durham Castle and Cathedral, and from Bath to St Kilda, Edinburgh is the latest addition. Sites in Britain are selected by representatives of central government, and evaluated by ICOMOS. Several, including Robert Owen's New Lanark are currently under consideration. Sites are inspected periodically by UNESCO representatives, but somewhat controversially, only existing statutory provisions apply, there is no extra protection. The Organisation of World Heritage Cities was founded in 1991 to support the management of world heritage cities by fostering collaboration and information exchange between them. The World Heritage Committee, which meets in December of each year is responsible for the implementation of the World Heritage Convention and has the final say in whether or not a site is included on the list. The World Heritage Centre was set up in 1992, based in Paris it arranges the-day to-day management of the Convention.

World Heritage Sites list and details